Since the time of the classical Greeks people have gazed at the
Great Pyramid, the sole survivor of the ancient world’s seven wonders, and
wondered about it’s mysterious past. Apparently built on the edge of known history, unanswered
questions have been asked about who built it, and how could man, in antiquity,
have the skills for its construction. We are told the pyramid was built as a
tomb for Chephren around 2575 years BCE. Situated ten miles west of Cairo, the
pyramid covers a ground area of 13.1 acres and was built with over 2.3 million
limestone blocks each averaging two and a half tons each. Some idea of the
enormity of the structure is revealed when it is noted that the pyramid contains
enough stone to build a wall of foot-square cubes, two thirds around the Earth
at its equator – some 16,600 miles.
We know those who constructed the Great Pyramid were competent
builders and mathematicians for the structure is aligned to the cardinal compass
points to within one twelfth of a degree and the thirteen acre base area is
level to within a fraction of an inch. The pyramid also lies on the longest
land-contact meridian on the Earth’s surface and at the geographical centre of
Earth’s land mass, including the then supposedly unknown Americas and
The design also
appears to have incorporated advanced mathematical and astronomical knowledge
far in advance of that belonging to any known civilisation. The four slightly
hollow faces climb to an angle of 51º 51’ 14.3" to a summit platform.
The apex is missing,
however by projection to the theoretical apex; the angle of slope gives a
relationship of the pyramid’s height to the perimeter of is designed base equal
to the radius of a circle to its circumference. In case you didn’t follow that,
if you divide the distance around the base of the pyramid by its height, the
product is a measurement that should not have been known to ancient man.
There are other mathematical marvels. Of several units of
measurement, the Sacred Cubit (25.0265 inches, one ten-millionth of the
mean polar radius of the Earth as determined during the International
Geophysical Year 1957-8) is found in multiples establishing the pyramid as a
textbook of geophysical and astronomical data. The side of the designed base
square measures 365.242 Sacred Cubits – the exact number of days in the solar
Other measurements derived from the ‘hollowing-in’ of the sides as
established in the 1920s by Leeds engineer David Davidson accurately represent
sidereal (365.256) and anomalistic (365.259) years. The pyramid or
primitive inch (1.00106 inches: 1/25th of the Sacred
Cubit) is also implicated in the repetition of specific values.
Measurements of exactly 365.242"P are found in the King’s Chamber complex.
Whatever its past, the Great Pyramid kept it secrets on the
great Giza Plateau for millennia until the ninth-Century Arab Caliph, Abdullah
Al Mamum undertook to investigate it after he had heard that the pyramid
contained secret chambers full of highly accurate ancient maps of the world and
other astronomical charts and tables.
a team of architects, builders and stonemasons, the Caliph set off in the year
now known to Westerners as AD820 to enter the giant structure for the first in
thousands of years. It soon became obvious why they were in fact the first
adventurers up to that time to enter the pyramid, for they were unable to find
an entrance to the structure.
Eventually they hit upon the idea of heating the limestone blocks then dowsing
them in cold vinegar until they cracked. Using this painfully slow method they
managed to burrow through 100 feet of solid rock until reaching a narrow,
four-foot high passage that climbed steeply upwards.
At the top end of this passageway they discovered the pyramid’s
original entrance, forty-nine feet above the ground. They then followed the
passageway downwards. Eventually after a slow descent into the unknown, they
found a chamber. An empty chamber. The men explored around in the eerie darkness; convinced that
there must be other chambers or passageway - for surely the structure had not
been built only to leave it empty?